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UDC 654.1 + 316.7 + 316.6
DOI: 10.30628/1994-9529-2022-18.1-219-239
EDN: BMNJKY

WOLFGANG MASTNAK
University of Music and Performing Arts /
Hochschule für Musik und Theater München
Arcisstraße 12, 80333 Munich, Germany
Beijing Normal University 北京师范大学
Research Centre for Arts Therapies 艺术治疗研究中心
19 Xinwai Ave, Beitaipingzhuang, Haidian District, Beijing, China, 100875
北京市新街口外大街19号 邮编:100875
ResearcherID: AGX-8330-2022
ORCID: 0000-0003-4632-5639
e-mail: wolfgang.mastnak@hmtm.de

For citation
Mastnak W. (2022). TV-Therapy: A Preliminary Theoretical Framework. The Art and Science of Television, 18 (1), 219–239. https://doi.org/10.30628/1994-9529-2022-
18.1-219-239

TV-Therapy: A Preliminary Theoretical Framework

Abstract. Broadly speaking, television is regarded as a mass media array providing information and entertainment. From a scientific perspective it also involves artistic features and counts as a highly influential socio-cultural phenomenon. While in this context also pathogenic and pathological aspects have been discussed and studied, health promoting and therapeutic factors of television are still greatly underrepresented in the realm of TV-sciences. On the basis of a random sample of qualitative data and meta-synthetic construction, the present article suggests a preliminary eight-dimensional theoretical framework of TV-therapy: (i) identity fusion and introjection, (ii) parallel worlds and escapism, (iii) subliminal mirroring and self-exploration, (iv) biographical work and self-integration, (v) therapeutic transference and creative coping, (vi) self-administration and self-regulation, (vii) social adjustment and virtual networking and (viii) TV as a source of topics and an incentive for people to communicate. Regarding psychodynamic impacts of television, the article encourages further studies on the interaction between television and individuals with mental conditions such as schizophrenia or eating disorders, as well as health-related TV-education. Television may become an important tool in public health, which calls television programme creators and television production companies into play.
Keywords: biographical work; coping; escapism; fiction; identity fusion; parallel worlds; public health; self-exploration; self-regulation; social adjustment; socio-cultural changes