Размер шрифта: Фон:

UDC 159.922.73 + 654.1 + 004.9 + 316.7
DOI: 10.30628/1994-9529-17.3-179-209

Aleksandеr N. Veraksa
D.Sc. (Psychology), Professor,
Full Member of the Russian Academy of Education,
Head of the Department
of Educational Psychology and Pedagogy,
the Lomonosov Moscow State University,
Mokhovaya, 11/9, 125009, Moscow, Russia;
Vice-Director,
the Psychological Institute
of the Russian Academy of Education,
Mokhovaya, 9, str. 4, 125009, Moscow, Russia
ResearcherID: H-9298-2012
ORCID: 0000-0002-7187-6080
e-mail: veraksa@yandex.ru

Dmitriy S. Kornienko
D.Sc. (Psychology), Associate Professor,
Senior Research Fellow at the Laboratory
of Child Psychology and Digital Socialization,
the Psychological Institute
of the Russian Academy of Education,
Mokhovaya, 9, str. 4, 125009, Moscow, Russia;
Professor at the Department of General Psychology,
the Institute for Social Sciences
affiliated with the Russian Presidential
Academy of National Economy,
prospekt Vernadskogo, 82, build. 1, 119571, Moscow, Russia
ResearcherID: L-5971-2015
ORCID: 0000-0002-6597-264X
e-mail: dscorney@mail.ru

Elena A. Chichinina
Junior Researcher at the Department
of Educational Psychology and Pedagogy,
the Lomonosov Moscow State University,
Mokhovaya, 11/9, 125009, Moscow, Russia
ResearcherID: AAZ-5968-2021
ORCID: 0000-0002-7220-9781
e-mail: alchichini@gmail.com

Daria A. Bukhalenkova
Cand. Sc. (Psychology), Associate Professor at the Department
of Educational Psychology and Pedagogy,
the Lomonosov Moscow State University,
Mokhovaya, 11/9, 125009, Moscow, Russia;
Research Fellow,
the Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education,
Mokhovaya, 9, build. 4, 125009, Moscow, Russia
ResearcherID: E-2725-2017
ORCID: 0000-0002-4523-1051
e-mail: d.bukhalenkova@inbox.ru

Apollinaria V. Chursina
Junior Research Fellow, the Psychological Institute
of the Russian Academy of Education,
Mokhovaya, 9, build. 4, 125009, Moscow, Russia;
Junior Researcher at the Department
of Educational Psychology and Pedagogy,
the Lomonosov Moscow State University,
Mokhovaya, 11/9, 125009, Moscow, Russia
ResearcherID: AAG-8388-2021
ORCID: 0000-0002-3444-7746
e-mail: avchurs@gmail.com

For citation
Veraksa A.N., Kornienko D.S., Chichinina E.A., Bukhalenkova D.A., & Chursina A.V. Correlations between Preschoolers’ Screen Time with Gender, Age and Socio-Economic Background of the Families. The Art and Science of Television. 2021. 17 (3), pp. 179–209. https://doi.org/10.30628/1994-9529-17.3-179-209

Correlations between  Preschoolers’ Screen Time with Gender, Age and Socio-Economic Background of the Families

Abstract. The goal of this research was to study the relationship between screen time of preschool children and their gender, age and socio-economic family features. The additional focus was on studying the differences in preschoolers’ screen times between TV and digital devices. In order to reach the research goal, we have conducted a study involving 1,029 mothers of 4.5–7.5-year-olds. We have used a questionnaire with the three blocks of questions: demographics (age of the mother, age and gender of the child); use of digital devices (screen time per week); family socio-economics (socio-economic background of the family, extra activities of the child, mother’s education). The study showed that that a higher level of socio-economic well-being of the family and the opportunity to provide children with additional activities are associated with shorter screen time. Moreover, parents’ role models, their attitude towards digital device use and their perception of screen time norms significantly influence the time their children spend with devices. Another result is that preschool children spend more time watching TV (13 hours per week) than using digital devices (7 hours per week), regardless of the day of the week; and screen time on weekends is higher than on weekdays for both watching TV and using gadgets. Screen time has also been shown to increase between 4.5 and 7.5 years old, with the increase being related to longer time spent with gadgets rather than watching TV.
Keywords: preschool children, digital devices, TV, media use, screen time, parental education, gender differences, age, socio-economic family features