ANDREY M. SHEMYAKIN
S. A. Gerasimov Russian State Institute
of Cinematography, Russia
ABOUT THE METHODOLOGY AND LOGIC OF THE DISCIPLINE OF FILM STUDIES
Abstract. The article is devoted to issues of methodology of the modern cinematograph and film studies; it refers to those problems which are in difficult conditions because of the lack of methodological schools and books in Russia, because this lack was manifested in the fact that the art of totalitarian epochs proper ended up being deeply ideologized. For a long time Russian humanitarian disciplines were weighed down by the propaganda of Marxism-Leninism, which in reality turned out to be a mythology characterizing the epoch of “Stalinist Classicism” [the definition of Andrei Sinyavsky].
Historical and contemporary events were reproduced in the language of mythology. In such an interpretation of the essence of the cinematograph, just as in the case of other arts, ideology replaced the logic of film studies from the positions of expediency. From this position, analysis could be only prelogical and pre-reflexive, since reflection itself was not yet revealed. Disclosing a large-scale picture of the condition of the present-day art of cinema and film-criticism, the author shows the peculiar intergrowth of knowledge related to film studies and the indispensable prerequisites for the creation of the field of studies of the art of the large screen.
Keywords: methodology, film studies, problem, humanitarian discipline, reflection, film expert, critic, modern, film, book, mythology, ideology